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shock

noun

1 shock

The feeling of distress and disbelief that you have when something bad happens accidentally:
— He was numb with shock.

synonyms: daze, stupor.

Roget 72: assemblage; collection, collocation, colligation; compilation, levy, gathering, ingathering, muster, attroupement; team; concourse, conflux, congregation, ... show more

Roget 821: feeling; suffering etc. v.; endurance, tolerance, sufferance, supportance, experience, response; sympathy etc. (love) 897; ... show more

Roget 173: violence, inclemency, vehemence, might, impetuosity; boisterousness etc. adj.; effervescence, ebullition; turbulence, bluster; uproar, callithump [U.S.], ... show more

Polish: szok



2 shock

The violent interaction of individuals or groups entering into combat:
— The armies met in the shock of battle.

synonym: impact.

Roget 276: impulse, impulsion, impetus; momentum; push, pulsion, thrust, shove, jog, jolt, brunt, booming, boost [U.S.], throw; ... show more

3 shock

A reflex response to the passage of electric current through the body:
— Subjects received a small electric shock when they made the wrong response.
— Electricians get accustomed to occasional shocks.

synonyms: electric shock, electrical shock.

4 shock

pathology Bodily collapse or near collapse caused by inadequate oxygen delivery to the cells; characterized by reduced cardiac output and rapid heartbeat and circulatory insufficiency and pallor.

Dutch: shock, shocktoestand
Polish: wstrząs

5 shock

An instance of agitation of the earth's crust:
— The first shock of the earthquake came shortly after noon while workers were at lunch.

synonym: seismic disturbance.

6 shock

An unpleasant or disappointing surprise:
— It came as a shock to learn that he was injured.

synonym: blow.

Roget 828: mental suffering, pain, dolor; suffering, sufferance; ache, smart etc. (physical pain) 378; passion.    displeasure, dissatisfaction, discomfort, ... show more

Roget 508: inexpectation, non-expectation; false expectation etc. (disappointment) 509; miscalculation etc. 481.    surprise, sudden burst, thunderclap, blow, shock, ... show more

Dutch: deuk, klap, knak, knauw, schok, slag
Polish: wstrząs

7 shock

A pile of sheaves of grain set on end in a field to dry; stalks of Indian corn set up in a field.

8 shock

A bushy thick mass (especially hair).

Polish: burza

9 shock

A sudden jarring impact:
— All the jars and jolts were smoothed out by the shock absorbers.

synonyms: jar, jolt, jounce.

Roget 713: disagreement etc. 24; discord, disaccord, dissidence, dissonance; jar, clash, shock; jarring, jostling etc. v.; ... show more

Roget 315: agitation, stir, tremor, shake, ripple, jog, jolt, jar, jerk, shock, succussion, trepidation, quiver, quaver, ... show more

10 shock

A mechanical damper; absorbs energy of sudden impulses:
— The old car needed a new set of shocks.

synonyms: cushion, shock absorber.

Dutch: kussen, schokbreker, schokdemper
Polish: amortyzator

verb

1 shock

Surprise greatly; knock someone's socks off.

synonyms: ball over, blow out of the water, floor, take aback.

Roget 867: mislike misrelish, dislike, disrelish; mind, object to; have rather not, would rather not, prefer not to, not care for; have a dislike for, conceive a dislike to, entertain a dislike for, take a dislike to, ... show more

Roget 824: excite, affect, touch, move, impress, strike, interest, animate, inspire, impassion, smite, infect; stir the blood, fire the blood, ... show more

Roget 173: be violent etc. adj.; run high; ferment, effervesce; romp, rampage, go on a rampage; run wild, run amuck, run riot; break the peace; rush, ... show more

2 shock

Strike with disgust or revulsion:
— The scandalous behavior of this married woman shocked her friends.

synonyms: appal, appall, offend, outrage, scandalise, scandalize.

Roget 932: disapprove; dislike etc. 867; lament etc. 839; object to, take exception to; be scandalized at, think ill of; view with disfavor, view with dark eyes, view with jaundiced eyes; ... show more

Roget 830: cause pain, occasion pain, give pain, bring pain, induce pain, produce pain, create pain, inflict pain etc. 828; pain, hurt, wound.    pinch, ... show more

Dutch: choqueren, ontstellen, ontzetten, shockeren, verbijsteren

3 shock

Strike with horror or terror.

4 shock

Collide violently.

5 shock

Collect or gather into shocks.

6 shock

Subject to electrical shocks.

7 shock

Inflict a trauma upon.

synonyms: traumatise, traumatize.

Dutch: trauma teweegbrengen


Moby thesaurus: AC arc, Poulsen arc, abscess, accident, ache, aching, agitate, ague, amplify, anaphylactic shock, anemia, ankylosis, anoxia, aperiodic discharge, apnea, appall, appulse, arc, arc column, arc discharge ... show more.

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